Oxycodone

images-1An opioid analgesic that is used in the treatment of moderate to severe pain, Oxycodone is a semi-synthetic opioid which means that the drug is synthesized from a derivative of the poppy plant.  Although Oxycodone is widely prescribed, especially in the treatment of chronic pain associated with back injuries or chronic illness, this medication is highly dangerous and is one of the leading causes of drug related overdoses in the United States each year.

Unfortunately, wide availability of Oxycodone prescriptions has made this one of the most widely abused opiates on the streets.  Oxycodone is considered an excellent medication in the treatment of moderate to severe pain but when it makes its way into the wrong hands, such as those who wish to take the drug for recreational purposes, there are great risks and consequences to be had.

Brand Names

Oxycodone is marketed under a number of different brand names but probably the most well-known is Oxycontin.  Oxycontin is actually the brand name of the first time-release formula of Oxycodone which was introduced in the United States during the 1990s.

Other brand names of Oxycodone include:
  • Percocet
  • Percodan
  • Roxicodone
  • Roxicet
  • Endocet
  • Xolox
  • Tylox

Street Names

Oxycodone is described in various street terminology that relates directly to the main ingredient in the drug or to the brand name.  Most of the time, Oxycodone is referred to as Oxy or OCs on the street in generic form but many variations related to the brand names of Oxycodone have also formed.

Some of the Oxycodone street names that describe various brands or formulations of this drug include:
  • Perks
  • Roxies
  • Greens
  • Yellows
  • Pinks
  • Blues
  • 80s
  • 40s
  • 20s

The color names such as blues, refer to the formulations of Oxycodone that come in pills such as Roxicodone which was widely marketed in a small blue pill or pink pill and Oxycontin which was often yellow, pink or green depending on the actual amount of Oxycodone in the formulation.

Medical Use

Oxycodone is prescribed for the treatment of severe pain though it can also be prescribed to treat moderately severe pain in some cases.  Because the drug has such a strong potential to cause physical dependence and addiction, Oxycodone prescriptions are now widely controlled in the medical field.  Many doctors do still provide prescriptions openly but most have averted to now taking extra precautionary steps to ensure that prescriptions are provided only to those who are in extreme need of the drug for the treatment of major pain.

Addiction

Oxycodone is a Schedule II Narcotic which means that it is very dangerous, can quickly lead to physical dependence, has a wide potential for abuse and cannot be possessed without a prescription.  Oxycodone addiction can occur after just a few days of Oxycodone use and tolerance to the drug tends to develop quite rapidly.

Users who develop an addiction to Oxycodone are likely to require medication replacement or gradual reduction of their current Oxycodone dose in order to effectively detox without suffering moderate to severe withdrawal symptoms.  Most users who do become addicted to this drug will require professional treatment in order to fully recover from the addiction and to remain abstinent from opiates.

Resources:

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a682132.html

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